His methodology of presenting Tawheed as Tarbiyya
Tareeq alHijratayn wa Ba’d Sa’aadatayn (The path of the two hijrahs and afterwards two happinesses)
Hadith: “The true immigrant is the one who immigrates from sin to righteousness (to Allah and His Messenger)”
- Migration to Allah through
- Love – ‘uboodiyyah
- Tawakkul – reliance
- Inabah – repentance
- Tasleem – submission
- Taqweed – giving up of affairs
- Raja – Hope
- Khawf – Fear
- Iqbaal ‘alayh – turning to Allah
- Iftiqaab – Sincerity to show your need to Allah
Migration to the Messenger of Allah salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam
- From your lifestyle to his
- His movements
- His actions
- The subtle matters of his life, shown and hidden
- Living according to the Shar’iah, no example better than him
- Everything that you do in following the Prophet will be provisions for the hereafter (Za’d ulMa’ad)
Tawheed The oneness of Allah ‘azza wa jal
Said that the true meaning of tawheed was to realize your excessive and extreme need to Allah
You need him in everything, all your affairs
If you just submit to that fact, then you know you need no one except Him
“O Mankind! You are in poverty/need to Allah, and Allah is the One Who is rich” – this is the first chapter his book
- Faqr – poverty/need
- Ikhtiyaari – by choice
- Idtiraari – by force
Even if someone is rich in material life, in reality you are poor. If you accept that you are in need of Allah, you get to that high level of Tawheed
Example of Prophet
He showed the good example, uswatun hasanah.
The one who is perfect among mankind is the one who is perfect in his worship to Allah –
The Prophet said in his du’a: “My Lord, amend all my affairs, and do not leave these affairs in my hand, even the blink of an eye.”
Used to teach his companions alIstikhaarah all the time, the same way he would teach them Qur’an. Taught reliance and need to Allah.Prophet’s du’a: “O changer of hearts, keep my heart fixed on your path” – even though his sins were forgiven, he showed that need and reliance on Allah, and complete submission to him.
This became an issue of debate
Ibn alQayyim gave the Asmaa’ wasSifaat a new dimension: attachment and point of view of heart
When you use the Names of Allah, all of them should serve the purpose of bringing you closer to Allah
Example: If you believe Allah is alAwwal and alAakhir, you will rely on Him Alone, the who transcends even time
Example: If you believe Allah is All-Hearing, if it doesn’t affect your actions and words to make them pure and good all the time, then understanding his Name doesn’t matter to you
Example of ‘Aisha: in Surah alMujaadalah, Allah reveals the words of adDhihaar. When ‘Aisha saw this, she said Praise be to Allah, the Hearer of all things. I’m in one of the corners of this house, and I hear some of this woman’s speech and don’t hear all of it. But Allah Hears All (“qad samee’ Allah…”)
atTahaakum ilAllah(Judgment by the Will of Allah)
Whether in public or alone, know they will be judged by Allah for everything
atTahaakum li ghayri Allah = atTahaakum bitTaaghoot
Against bid’ah: If Allah had not ordained an action for you, and you perform it as ‘ibadah, then this must be from a false diety you are obeying. This is worse than a sin, because at least in a sin, you will repent for it.Why don’t people repent for a bid’ah? Because everyone who brings a bid’ah believes that innovation is something good. People know that a sin is bad, but don’t realize!!There are types of bid’ah: sinful bid’ah, and bid’ah that leads to kufr!
Ittiba’ of the Prophet
To follow the example of the Prophet sincerely, because following his example links back to Tawheed of Allah (Tawheed fil ittiba’ an-nabi)
“Say (O Muhammad): ‘If you claim you love Allah, then follow me…’” (aali’Imran)
Enslavement with love – servitude is a result of love of Allah. How do we serve? By following the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.Those who claim that they don’t have to follow the Sunnah, and can follow their logic/reason, etc… he attacks this ideology and refutes it!You cannot achieve his love without servitude in the best manner, and the best manner was shown to us in the life of the Prophet,Following the Sunnah is part of Tawheed!
Any work that doesn’t have the example of the Prophet is your own desires. You are following the desires of your nafs.
Happiness in this life and the hereafter is all by following the Prophet
It is mandatory for all the mujahirs to Allah to put every second and every breath in achieving that by having the knowledge of the Prophet’s sunnah
Those who know more about the Prophet’s life, they will be more following of the way of the Prophet, and thus they will be closer to the Tawheed of Allah
The philosophers separated the sciences of ‘aqeedah and fiqh, different rules and principles.
For Ibn alQayyim, the sciences were intertwined and inseparable, because the rules of actions were strongly linked with rules of ‘aqeedah.Brings the details of the Prophet’s description and even food!
Story of Anas: Prophet chasing the pieces of squash/pumpkin and loving to eat them. Anas, after this, always loved pumpkin, because of his love for the Prophet
Details of his garments – wore a coat from ashShaam. He showed he was a human being like anyone else, wearing fashionable garments.
If you learn these details, you will learn to remember the Prophet in every moment of your life 😀
Warning against Taqleed
Ittiba’ vs taqleed
Ittiba’ is tareeq al-wasat: the middle way
One extreme: following someone besides the Prophet uncritically
Other extreme: complete leaving of practice and following anyone
Showed the value of evidence from Qur’an and Sunnah, over blind following!
Division of people of taqleed:
*Some people completely negate Sunnah and take the examples of their fathers/forefathers as sufficient
*Some follow people who have little to no knowledge at all, who know something and suddenly becomes the grand mufti among the people
*Some people recognize that the Sunnah says this and this, and they acknowledge they should follow it, but say that sticking to the madhab is better.
Warning against Taqleed
As for those people who don’t have knowledge, cannot understand evidence, cannot find a qualified people to teach them, then they should follow some scholarship blindly. But these are the conditions of this taqleed.
If someone doesn’t fall into the above category, then cannot blindly follow. Otherwise, it becomes shirk fil tawheed al-ittiba’ an-nabi